It is the oldest and most abundant element in the universe. It exists in the stars, but it is not easy to find on its own, due to its very strong gregarious tendency. Incidentally, pure hydrogen is only available on our planet in the molecular form H2 (dihydrogen), or in other words, in sets of two atoms, the smallest and lightest that exist.
In isolation, hydrogen does not exist naturally in the biosphere. A good companion, it associates with other elements, mostly non-metals, to make life on Earth possible. Combined with oxygen it is water, where two atoms are bonded to one oxygen atom (H2O). With carbon it forms methane (CH4), coal and petroleum. It is in everything that grows (biomass).
Only becoming liquid at temperatures below -258.8oC, the first element of the periodic table of modern chemistry has among its properties excellent flammability, which forces one to handle it with care, and the fact that it is a good energy carrier. In other words, a substance that contains energy that is convertible into other forms, such as mechanical work or heat. And this is while emitting only water vapour, a huge advantage over coal and oil, which leave residues in the air.
Hydrogen can be produced through various processes and different primary energy sources can be used. Currently, the most common are fossil fuels, with natural gas (70% of cases) coming well ahead of diesel and coal and energy made through the reforming process, in which water vapour reacts with methane (natural gas) at high temperatures.
With the price of renewable energy becoming increasingly competitive, its use for hydrogen production through water electrolysis is gaining more and more interest, combined with the inherent environmental gains.